World First Aid Day: Essential items you should have in your car’s first aid kit

World First Aid Day, marked on the second Saturday in September every year, raises awareness of how first aid can save lives. Here are a few basic items to include and keep in your car’s first aid kit.

It is a good idea to keep copies of:

•Contact information for your family doctor or pediatrician, local emergency services, emergency road service providers and family or friends

•Medical consent forms for each family member

•Medical history forms for each family member

•Keep everything together in a water-proof box and store it in an area of your car that stays relatively cool, since heat and sunlight can degrade certain products.

Check your car first-aid kit regularly to replace items that have expired or that you’re running low on.

Be prepared with an up-to-date first-aid kit at home, especially if you have small children who may be prone to cuts and bruises. “This is one essential that every home should have but people aren’t serious about the things that it should contain,” says Dr S K Aggarwal, internal medicine, Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals. Here’s a handy checklist of the items that your first aid kit should have:

1.An Antiseptic (such as Dettol, Savlon etc.)


Cleaning scrapes or wounds is important for preventing infection. If soap and water are not on hand, using an antiseptic will help flush out debris and provide a mild pain relief.  

2.Adhesive bandages and gauze pads


These help treat injuries of all sizes. Buy a large package that comes with a variety of sizes. For gauze pads, buying larger sizes works best, because you can always cut them down to the size you need.

3.Scissors/Tweezers


Scissors are often overlooked in many first-aid kits. They come in handy for cutting gauze pads and adhesive tapes. Tweezers can be used to remove stingers and in-grown hair. 

4.Crepe bandages


Crepe bandages come in handy in a variety of situations, such as sprains and breakages.

5.Instant Cold and Hot Packs


These packs are for one-time use only. They can be applied on sprains, bruises, and bumps to reduce swelling. They can be used just by shaking the packs and activating them.

6.Adhesive Tapes


Adhesive tape can be used to form splits, tape gauze, and secure any other bandages.

7.Latex Gloves
Latex gloves will provide a clean and sanitary way to protect you against bacteria, blood, bodily fluids, and other potential contaminants that you may encounter in an emergency situation. 

8.Analgesic
Keep this pain reliever to deal with headaches, migraines, or pain due to injury.

9.Antibiotic ointment
A small tube of antibiotic ointment can go a long way. Antibiotic ointment can be used on scrapes, cuts, wounds, and other injuries to prevent infection. 

10.Antihistamine
If someone suffers from severe allergies, a dose of antihistamine (such as Avil) on hand is a good idea.

Source : IndianExpress

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