Choosing the right engine oil has always been bit of a task, that too with the wide range of products available in our market. So we tried amalgamating the key details about Oil and some of the commonly asked questions, so that you can be a smart buyer next time. Lets begin!
Heading forward these are some of the commonly asked questions, which we’ll try answering in this post.
- Why do bikes need Engine Oil?
- What are the different types of Engine Oil?
- How and When to change the Engine Oil?
Why do bikes need Engine Oil?
- Lubrication: The basic purpose of engine oil is to make sure that the engine is very well lubricated, which in turn reduces friction among the pistons and normal wears are reduced.
- Cooling: The hot engine transfers heat to the oil which then usually passes through a heat-exchanger keeping the engine cool.
- Cleaning: All engine oils comprise two basic ingredients: base oil and additives. While the base oil helps in lubrication, the additives provide additional engine protection by helping in its cleaning process.
What are the different types of Engine Oil?
- Mineral Oils (MO)
Mineral Oil is essentially a product or by-product of petroleum processing. Essentially the most basic type of engine oil, it is highly recommended for smaller capacity engines that do not impose a lot of mechanical pressure while running.
- Semi-Synthetic Oils (SS)
As the name goes, semi-synthetic oil is a mixture between mineral oil and synthetic oil. Manufacturers have taken the best of both worlds. The high level of protection from mineral oil and high-performance aspects from synthetic oil. While, Semi-synthetic oil provide better engine defence at higher temperatures.
- Fully Synthetic Oil (FS)
The fully synthetic oils are considered to be the best of the best. Constructed out of pure polymers based on factory-made oils, it is the exact opposite of mineral oil (you can say it is artificial and not made using any natural products). Mostly used in performance bikes.
How and When to change the Engine Oil?
Things required: Drain pan, New oil, Microfiber cloth, required tools.
- Drain used Oil, Carefully open the Oil release bolt slowly and adjust the drain pan according to the flow of the Oil
- Close the bolt after cleaning
- Open the Oil filling cap
- Pour in the new Engine oil
- Close the cap and check if all the nuts and screws are tightened
- Or Go to the nearest service centre and get changed
When to change?
- Motorcycles that use mineral-based oil should get changed at least every 3220km, or at least twice a year.
- Semi-synthetic oil should be changed every 8050 to 9656 km.
- Fully synthetic oil is best changed every 11265 to 12875km according to Rips & Rides.
What happens if you’re not changing the oil in the right time?
This can cause the engine to run less efficiently, and as time goes on the oil gets thicker creating more fiction causing the engine components to warp and wear out. And with time all the components will get damaged which will induce you to replace everything.
Five Best Engine Oil Recomended For Bikes
1. Motul 7100 4T 20W-50 API SN Fully Synthetic Petrol Engine Oil for Bikes (1.5 L)
- All in all the Motul 7100 Fully Synthetic oil is worth the money it costs. It’s drain interval is at a steady 6000-7000 km to be on a safer side, though it is very much capable to carry on up to 8000 km if you do not tend to ride your bike hard.
- Vehicle Compatibility: Bajaj- Pulsar/ Dominar, DSK Benelli,DSK Hyosung, Harley Davidson 883, Harley Davidson Street 750, Harley Davidson Forty Eight,Triumph, Yamaha- FZ, Royal Enfield Classic, Royal Enfield Standard, Royal Enfield Thunderbird, Royal Enfield Continental, Royal Enfield Himalayan, KTM 200/KTM 390/ KTM 250.
Amazon – ₹1052 (1.5L)
Flipkart – ₹1200 (1.5L)
2. Shell Advance AX5 4T 20W-50 API SL Premium Mineral Motorbike Engine Oil (1 L)
- Shell Advance AX5 is a premium mineral motor oil with a unique Active Cleansing Technology that keeps the engine clean & prevents sludge build-up giving a smoother, quieter and more responsive engine with enhanced efficiency. Standards: Meet API SL and JASO MA performance specification.
- Bike Compatibility: Bajaj: Discover 150, V15, Avenger 150, Pulsar 135, Pulsar 150, Pulsar 180, Pulsar 200
Amazon – ₹342 (1l)
Flipkart – ₹325 (Shell Advance AX5 4T 20W-40 API SL Conventional Engine Oil 1 L)
3. Motul 3100 4T Gold 20W50 API SM Technosynthese High Performance Semi Synthetic Engine Oil for Bikes (1.15 L)
- 3100 GOLD is formulated to meet most of the manufacturers’ specifications in terms of standards (JASO and API). Specially formulated to provide superior engine and gearbox protection. Technosynthese
- vehicle Compatibility: KTM Duke 200 / Bajaj Pulsar 200 NS, Pulsar 220, Pulsar 180, Pulsar 150, Avenger 220 DTS-I
4. Castrol POWER1 Cruise 4T 20W-50 API SN Synthetic Engine Oil for Bikes (1L)
- Castrol POWER1 CRUISE 4T 20W50 is an advanced premium quality part-synthetic engine oil specifically designed for 4- stroke cruiser and tourer bikes to suit long riding conditions.
- vehicle compatibility where OEM recommends 20W50 oil such as – Bajaj Avenger, Bajaj Boxer, Bajaj Discover, Bajaj Pulsar, Bajaj V15, Bajaj V12, Bajaj Wind, Bajaj XCD, Harley Davidson CVO, Harley Davidson Street, Harley Davidson Street BOB, Harley Davidson Low Rider, Harley Davidson Fat BOB, Harley Davidson Fat Boy, Harley Davidson Deluxe, Harley Davidson Heritage Classic, Harley Davidson Iron 883, Harley Davidson Forty-Eight, Harley Davidson 1200 Custom, Harley Davidson Roadster, Harley Davidson Road King, Harley Davidson Street Glide Special, Harley Davidson Road Glide Special.
Flipkart -₹ 486
5. Liqui Moly 20W50 Street Synthetic Technology Engine Oil (1Liter) (LM001)
- LiquiMoly Motorbike 4T 20W50 Street Synthetic Technology Engine Oil: LIQUI MOLY is Germany’s most famous brand of lubricants. For years, awards such as “Top Brand” or “Best Brand” have reflected their excellent reputation among both experts and end consumers.
- vehicle compatibility bullet, another 150cc plus
Hope this gave a small knowledge about various kinds of Engine oil available in the market. Have a Happy and Safe ride!
*Do consult with your service dealer or an expert before you change the oil that your bike manufacturer recommends.